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17 performance index of the fiber Detailed (b)

Published Time:2011.12.20 News source:DANYANG SHUANGCHENG MICRO-FIBRE WARE CO.,LTD. Views No.

Nine touch

    The feel is feeling the touch of fiber, yarn or fabric. Fiber hand to feel the impact of its shape, surface characteristics and structure. Different fiber morphology can be round, flat-shaped, multi-leaf. Fiber surface, such as smooth, serrated or scaly. The shape of the fiber is not curly to straight. Type of yarn, fabric structure and finishing process will also affect the feel of the fabric. Commonly used in soft, smooth, dry and silk sense of rigid, stiff or rough terms to describe the feel of the fabric.

    Ten luster

    Luster refers to the fiber surface reflection of light. The different characteristics of the fiber affects its gloss. Shiny surface, less curved, flat cross sectional shape and a longer fiber length can enhance the reflection of light. The drafting process in the fiber manufacturing process by making it more smooth surface to increase its luster. Add matting agents will destroy the reflection of light, make gloss decline. Such control to add the amount of matting agent, you can create a bright fiber to do the fibers of the extinction and light fiber.

    Fabric sheen is also affected by the yarn type, organization and finishing. The luster requirements will depend on trends and customer needs.

    Ten with the ball

    Pilling is the fracture surface of the fabric and some short fibers tangle into a small ball. When the end of the fiber from the fabric surface fracture, pompons, usually caused by wear. Since the ball is not necessary because it makes such as bed linen and other fabrics, old and ugly, and make people feel uncomfortable. The pompon often friction parts, such as the collar, sleeve location and cuff edge.

    Hydrophobic fibers more easily than the hydrophilic fibers from the ball, because the hydrophobic fiber is easier to attract each other electrostatic and are not easily drop from the fabric surface. The pompon rarely seen in 100% cotton shirt is very common, but dressed in a period of time similar polyester blended shirt. Wool hydrophilic, pompons, scaly surface. Fibers to each other kink, winding, and the formation of a pompon. Strength of the fiber is easy to grip the surface of the fabric balls of fluff. Easy fracture of low-strength fibers, due the pompon easy to fall and less pilling.

    12 resilience

    Resilience refers to the ability of the material in the folding, twisting, twisted elastic recovery. It is closely related to the folds of the recovery capability. Better resilience fabric does not wrinkle easily, therefore, easy to maintain its good shape.

    The thicker fibers have good elasticity, because it has greater mass to absorb the strain. At the same time, the shape of the fibers also affects the elasticity of the fiber, the circular fibers have better resilience than the flat fiber.

    The nature of the fiber is also a factor. Polyester fibers have outstanding resilience, but the elasticity of the cotton fiber is poor. Thus these two fibers are often mixed in some products, such as men's shirts, women's blouses and sheets, this is not surprising.

    For folds in the clothing on the formation of a significant rebound good fiber will be a bit of trouble. It is easy in the formation of creases on cotton fabric or fabric of crude rubber is not easy, but in the dry wool fabric. Wool fibers resistant to bending and resistance to wrinkles, straight and in the last while.

    13 The relative density of

    The relative density is the ratio of fiber quality with an equal volume of 4 C when the water quality. Light fibers make the fabric warm not bulky, it may become thick, fluffy fabric, but it can still maintain a lighter weight. PAN fiber is the best example, it is lighter than wool, but has similar properties with wool, which is widely used in the fabric is light and warm blankets, scarves, thick socks and other winter supplies.

    Fourteen static

    Static electricity is the charge of two different materials rub against each other. When the charge generation and accumulation on the surface of the fabric will be clothing close to the wearer of the body or lint adsorption on the fabric. When the fabric surface in contact with allogeneic, spark or electric shock, which is a rapidly discharging process. When the fiber surface static electricity at the same speed of the electrostatic transfer, electrostatic phenomena can be eliminated.

    The moisture contained in the fibers can play the role of conductor eliminate the charge, and to prevent electrostatic effects of the previously mentioned. Hydrophobic fibers, because it contains very little water, there is a tendency to generate static electricity. Generate static electricity is also natural fiber, but only in a very dry time will become like hydrophobic fibers. The glass fiber is the exception of the hydrophobic fibers, because the reason of its chemical composition, static charge on its surface.

    The fabric contains ޱȿ fiber (fiber conductive) static troubles, contained in the carbon or metal fibers can be transferred to the accumulation of electrostatic charge. Often static problem exists on the carpet, it is such as Monsanto Ultron nylon carpet. Castro BAK fiber to eliminate the electric shock, the adsorption of the fabric next to the skin and dust. Because of the danger of static electricity under special working conditions, low static fibers subway fire in hospital, computer work area near flammable, explosive liquid or gas near the region is very important.

    Fifteen intensity

    The strength is the ability of fiber to resist stress. Fiber strength is the force required when the fiber breakage, said Chris / denier or PCT cattle / Turks (legal units of measurement).

    Sixteen thermoplastic

    Fiber heat capacity is an important factor to affect the application performance. Typically, fiber processing needs to be considered an important factor, because a lot of fabric formed in the fiber need to heat, such as dyeing, ironing and thermal shaping. In addition, there is often heated to the care and update clothing and indoor furniture.

    Some hot role in the process, is temporary and obvious. For example, in dyeing, the nature of the fibers during the thermal effect will change, but after cooling, is back to normal. But some of the hot impact will be permanent, and degradation caused by the thermal effect of molecular rearrange fiber itself. Heat setting will change the molecular arrangement, the fabric is more stable (small contraction), the more anti-wrinkle, but no significant degradation. However, to extend the storage time in the heat may cause degradation, such as strength, fiber shrinkage and discoloration. Many consumers have experienced too high temperature ironing fabric severe degradation or even damage to clothing.

    When heated, the thermoplastic fibers soften, you can melt into liquid when the temperature is higher. Many man-made fiber thermoplastic. By the formation of creases and pleated fabric containing thermoplastic fiber heating but not melting the fiber, can be made when the temperature dropped, the long creases and pleated. When heating (softening), thermoplastic fiber can be molded when cooled, the molded shape can be maintained down (ironing man-made fiber made from the clothing, care must be taken so as not to soften or melt when the softening or melting The fabric will begin to adhesive iron), the crease will be permanent, unless there is a higher temperature to eliminate the effect of the original heat setting. The shape of the clothing can also be formed by this method, the thermoplastic fabrics have good dimensional stability.

    Seventeen core suction

    Wicking effect refers to the ability of the fibers from one to another to pass water. Typically, water is passed along the fiber surface, but when the liquid to be absorbed by the fiber through the fiber. Fiber wicking tendency is often dependent on the outer surface of the chemical and physical composition. The smooth surface will reduce the role of wicking.

    Some fibers such as cotton fibers, hydrophilic fibers, but also has good wicking effect. Other fibers, such as olefins are hydrophobic fibers, but when the denier number of small (that is, very fine fibers) has good wicking. Of this nature is especially important for clothing such as workout clothes and running installed. The sweat excreted by the body is transferred to the outer surface of the garment along the fiber surface by wicking and evaporation into the air, and the resulting better comfort.

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